Selection Guide for Oxidative Stress Assays by Sample Type

Selecting assays for oxidative stress begins with your samples. There are many markers of oxidative stress, but some are more easily detected in certain sample types (cells, tissues, urine, blood, etc.). We have developed a broad portfolio of sensitive, easy-to-use assays to quantify oxidative stress. Use the following table to determine the best assays for your sample type.

NOTE: Many oxidative stress markers degrade over time, so the best results usually come from fresh samples. For best results from samples that have been frozen for 6 to 24 months, choose one of the markers below with an asterisk (*).

Marker or Type of Damage Sample Type
Cells Tissues Blood Urine Other
DNA / RNA Damage
8-Hydroxyguanosine (8-OHG) X X X X  Cerebrospinal fluid
*8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) X X X X  
Abasic (AP) sites X X      
BPDE DNA Adduct X X      
Double-strand DNA breaks X        
Comet Assay (general DNA damage) X        
UV DNA Damage (CPD, 6-4PP) X        
Lipid Peroxidation
4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) X X X    
8-iso-Prostaglandin F2alpha (8-isoprostane) X X X X  
Malondialdehyde (MDA) X X X X  
Protein Oxidation / Nitration
*Protein Carbonyl Content (PCC) X X X    
3-Nitrotyrosine X X X    
Advanced Glycation End Products (AGE) X X X    
Advanced Oxidation Protein Products (AOPP) X X X    
BPDE Protein Adduct X X X    
CEL Protein Adducts X X X    
CML Protein Adducts X X X    
Methylglyoxal Adducts X X X    
Protein Radicals X X X    
s-Glutathione Adducts X X X    
Reactive Oxygen Species
Universal ROS / RNS X X X X  
Hydrogen Peroxide X X X X  
Nitric Oxide X X X X  
Catalase X X X    
Glutathione X X X X  
Superoxide Dismutase X X X    
Oxygen Radical Antioxidant Capacity (ORAC) X X X X  Food samples
Hydroxyl Radical Antioxidant Capacity (HORAC) X X X X  Food samples
Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) X X X X  Food samples
Cell-Based Exogenous Antioxidant Assay          Food samples, Antioxidants


View All Oxidative Stress Assays